Country Information Kosovo*
*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.
The Republic of Kosovo is a country in Southeast Europe, in the central Balkan Peninsula, is a parliamentary democracy with the population of 1.8 million. Prishtina with a population of over 400 000 citizens is capital, administrative and economic centre. Kosova’s territory covers an area of 10.908 km2 with a population of 1.8 million. The non-coastal country of Kosovo is in border with Albania, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Organisational Structure and Background
The Kosovo Metrology Agency (KMA) is a state administrative organisation and the national metrology authority in Kosovo. Its work lies within the competence framework of the Ministry of Trade and Industry. The seat of KMA is located in Prishtina. Besides the location in Prishtina there is also a additional regional unit of KMA located in Prizren, which has a positive impact from the point of view of regional coverage in the performance of metrological tasks.
The Kosovo Metrology Agency, is responsible institution for implementation of provisions of the:
- Law on Metrology (OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVA / PRISTINA, YEAR V / No. 89 / 30 NOVEMBER 2010). The Act was drawn up on the basis of OIML D1 'Elements for a Law on Metrology'
- Law on Amending and Supplementing Law on Metrology (OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVA / No. 27/28 SEPTEMBER 2012, PRISTINA)
- Law on Precious Metal Work (OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVA / No. 2 / 21 JANUARY 2013, PRISTINA)
According to the Law on Metrology, Kosovo Metrology Agency is responsible for:
- system of legal units of measurement in Kosovo
- realise, conserve, maintain and improve national measurement standards
- ensure metrology traceability
- organise the calibration activity
- carry out the assessment of conformity of a measuring instrument with prescribed metrological requirements: type approval and verification of a measuring instrument
- examine pre-packaged products, examine precious metal works
- give expert opinion for the authorisation of persons to carry out activities in the field of metrology
- represent Kosovo in international and regional metrology organisations and establish cooperation in the field of metrology
- perform metrological supervision
- collaborate with competent inspection bodies and provide technical assistance in the field of metrology
- decide in administrative proceedings in the field of metrology
- prepare technical bases for the development of draft legislation in the field of metrology
- perform other activities related to metrology in accordance with the law
According to the Law on Metrology (OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVA / PRISTINA, YEAR V / No. 89 / 30 NOVEMBER 2010), the KMA is the main subject of metrology infrastructure in Kosovo responsible for verification of legal metrology instruments. However, the Law prescribes that companies and other legal persons satisfying prescribed requirements in the field of metrology may carry out the verification of specified kinds of measuring instruments.
Equipment Subject to National Controls: Measuring Instruments – The Circulation of Goods and Services
- Material measures of length
- Length, area and multidimensional measuring instruments
- Non-automatic weighing instruments
- Automatic weighing instruments
- Liquid volume measures
- Capacity measures (tanks)
- Liquid volume metering instruments
- Gasoline, diesel
- Liquefied petroleum gas
- Liquids other than water
- Flow-through measuring instruments
- Cold water meters
- Warm water meters
- Gas volume meters
- Electricity meters
- Measuring transformers
Measuring Instruments for Health Service
- Weighing instruments
- Blood pressure measuring instruments
Measuring instruments for environmental protection and safety purposes
- Fault loop impendance, earth resistance, continuity of protection conductor, insulation resistance measuring instruments
Measuring Instruments for Road Traffic Surveillance
- Traffic speed measuring instruments
- Exhaust Gas Analysers
- Tyre pressure gauges
- Breath analysers
Measuring Instruments Included in Charging Systems
- Time switches (for tariff and load control of the electrical energy)
- Impulse generators and time switches in telecommunication traffic
MID Directive 2014/32/EU is adopted on 23.08.2016 and implementation is still ongoing.
NAWI Directive 2014/31/EU the directive is planed to be adopted this year.
Type approval responsibility rests with the Kosovo Metrology Agency for all measuring instruments. Fees and costs for issuing a pattern approval certificate or for performing a pattern evaluation are defined by Administrative Instruction from Ministry of Trade and Industry.
Initial verification of measuring instruments is performed by the Directorat of Legal Metrology. Initial verification procedure is specified by respective regulations. The verification fees are set by Administrative Instruction from Ministry of Trade and Industry.
Periodical verification is mandatory and it set by Administrative Instruction.
Periodical verification intervals are:
- Weights for use in trade: 2 years
- Weighing instruments in trade use: 1 -2 years
- Fuel dispenser: 1 year
- LPG meter: 1 year
- Cold water meters: 5 years
- Energy meters: electromechanical./electronically: 12/8 years
The fees for periodical verification are the same as for initial verification.
Market surveillance of measuring instruments on the phase after placing on the market and phase of use is performed by Trade Inspectorate. Expert surveillance of measuring instruments in usage and their users as well as authorised legal persons in legal metrology is performed by KMA acoording to respective Administrative Instructions. KMA operates a random inspection programme of measuring instruments in use using its own staff.
Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope
Kosovo Metrology Agency at the present has 21 employees. The engaged staff in type approvals are engineers with a technical background.
Employees in the verification are engineers and technicians. They are mainly trained on the job.
Sanctions are based upon a system of administrative penalties. A preventive enforcement policy is applied resulting in penalties normally only being applied in cases where fraud is evident. A fine is ranging from 250 € up to 5,000 €.
LAST UPDATE: FEBRUARY 2018