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Hungary

Official name: Hungary
Location: East-Central Europe
Area: 93,030 km2
Population: 9 817 958 (2016)
Density of population: 106 person/ km2, (2015)
Capital: Budapest , area of 525 km2 (1,775 million inhabitants)
Local time: in the winter GMT+1 hour
Language: Hungarian
Form of government: Republic'
Administration: 19 counties, 23 towns with county rights

Organisational Structure and Background

The Government Office of the Capital City Budapest (Budapest Főváros Kormányhivatala - BFKH) has a broad scale of activities on governmental legal administration. The Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department acts as National Metrology Institute (NMI) and it is responsible for legal and scientific metrology under the management of the Minister for National Economy. The former National Office of Measures (OMH) merged into the Hungarian Trade Licensing Office (MKEH) on 1 January 2007, and on 1 January 2017 MKEH merged into BFKH.

There are 13 regional Legal Metrological sections working in the government offices. They carry out verifications and inspections.

One of the main tasks of BFKH is to maintain the national standards, their international comparisons and to provide the dissemination performed by the Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department.

The first Hungarian law on unified weights and measures dates back to 1876 which was connected to the signing of the Metre Convention in 1875. The roles of the predecessor of BFKH, MKEH and OMH are routed back its roles in legal metrology in 1907. The weights and measures law was introduced in 1907 and was in force until 1946. Between 1946 and 1991 governmental decrees regulated the legal metrology activities. The Act on Metrology (XLV/1991) has been in force since 1991 in addition with the governmental decree 127/1991.

Equipment subject to mandatory verification

Measuring instruments subject to mandatory verification according to the 127/1991. governmental decree - Annex 2.:

I. (MID)

  • Water meters
  • Gas meters and volume conversion devices
  • Active Electrical energy meters
  • Heat meters
  • Measuring system for the continuous and dynamic measurement of quantities of liquid other than water
  • Automatic weighing instruments
  • Taximeters
  • Material measures
  • Dimensional measuring instruments
  • Exhaust gas analysers

II. (NAWI)

  • Non-automatic weighing instruments

III. (old approach and national base)

  • Weights (E1, E2, F1, F2, M1, M2, M3)
  • Axle and wheel load measuring instruments for road transport
  • Speedometers for traffic control
  • Tyre pressure gauges
  • Measuring devices for density determination: hydrometer for petroleum products, alcohol, milks; pycnometers; continuous density meters (with vibration tube)
  • Radioactive dosimeters and measuring instruments for radioactive contamination
  • Noise level meters used for environment control and industrial safety
  • Measuring transformers for current and voltage
  • Fixed storage tanks, level gauges for liquid, alcohol meters used for determination excise duty
  • Breath alcohol analysers
  • Orifice meter systems for natural gas
  • Gambling machines

     

Type Approval

All the metrological type approvals and the EU type examinations are carried out by the Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department of BFKH.

Initial Verification

The verifications of measuring instruments are performed by verification officers of the Legal Metrology sections of the government offices or verification officers of the BFKH.

Inspection and Reverification (Subsequent Verification)

A mandatory reverification system operates in Hungary.
The verification of measuring instruments after repair and reverification are performed by verification officers of the Legal Metrology sections of the government offices.

Typical reverification intervals are:

Weighing Instruments

2 years

Petrol Pumps

1 year

Domestic water meters

8 years

Domestic gas meters

10 years

Domestic electrical energy meters

10 years

Usually the maximum permissible error for reverification is the same as for initial verification.

Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope

Approximately 150 officers carry out verification and inspection. The training of the verification officers consists of a 3-month practice and a course followed by an examination.

Most of the verifications are carried out in approximately 100 verification laboratories which are operated by private companies, at the presence of verification officers.

Approximately 50 engineers in the Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department are responsible for maintaining the national standards, their key comparisons, their dissemination and calibrating measuring instruments. In addition, they coordinate and support the operation of the Legal Metrology sections of the government offices, give the course for verification officers. Furthermore, they carry out measurements and tests for type examination and certain kind of verification.

Government Office of the Capital City Budapest Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department has a QMS according to ISO 9001, ISO/IEC 17025, ISO/IEC 17020, ISO/IEC 17021 and ISO/IEC 17065 standards.

Sanctions

The fraudulent use of an instrument is dealt with by the BFKH Consumer Protection Department, the police and tax inspectors. BFKH Metrological and Technical Supervisory Department may provide expert evidence.

In the case of traders or others using non-verified instruments, administrative fines can be imposed by the district notary. Inspectors give warnings which, if not acted upon, may be taken to the notary.

Fines special for legal metrology are set by a general governmental decree and not by the metrological law or metrological decrees.

Directive 2014/31/EU NAWID, Directive 2014/32/EU MID

The directives were implemented in 2016 by the decrees of 19/2016 (NAWID) and 43/2016 (MID) of the Ministry for National Economy.

Notification

In 2004 the OMH was notified for EC type examination, EC unit verification, EC verification and EC surveillance (approval of quality system of manufactures). From 2007 the MKEH as the legal successor of OMH and from 2017 the BFKH as the legal successor of MKEH is the Notified Body continuously.

The conformity assessment activity of BFKH especially in case of EU type examination and EU surveillance is focused on Hungarian manufacturers.

2014/31/EU Non-automatic weighing instruments

ProductsProceduresArticles/Annexes

Non-automatic weighing instruments in one or more of the following categories

  • determination of mass for commercial transactions
  • determination of mass for the application of laws or regulations or for an expert opinion given in court proceedings
  • determination of mass for the calculation of a toll, tariff, tax, bonus, penalty, remuneration, indemnity or similar type of payment
  • determination of mass in the practice of medicine for weighing patients for the purposes of monitoring, diagnosis and medical treatment
  • determination of mass for making up medicines on prescription in a pharmacy and determination of mass in analyses carried out in medical and pharmaceutical laboratories
EU type-examination
Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process
Conformity to type based on product verification
Conformity based on unit verification
Annex II - Module B
Annex II - Module D
Annex II - Module F
Annex II - Module G


2014/32/EU Measuring Instruments Directive

ProductsProceduresArticles/Annexes
Water Meters (Annex III MI-001)

EU type-examination

Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process

Annex II - Module B

Annex II - Module D

Gas Meters and Volume Conversion Devices (Annex IV MI-002)

-Gas meters

Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production processAnnex II - Module D

Gas Meters and Volume Conversion Devices (Annex IV MI-002)

-Volume conversion device (gas meter subassembly)

Active Electrical Energy Meters (Annex V MI-003)

EU type-examination

Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process

Conformity to type based on instrument verification

Annex II - Module B

Annex II - Module D

Annex II - Module F

Measuring Instruments for Liquids Other than Water (Annex VII MI-005)

- Fuel dispensers:

- Measuring systems on pipeline and systems for loading ships - all liquids

- Measuring systems on pipeline (accuracy class 0,3)

- All measuring systems (accuracy class 0,5), in particular

EU type-examination

Conformity to type based on instrument verification

Annex II - Module B

Annex II - Module F

Automatic Weighing Instruments (Annex VIII MI-006)

- Automatic catchweigher

- Automatic checkweigher

- Automatic gravimetric filling instrument

- Discontinuous totaliser (totalising hopper weigher)

- Continuous totaliser

- Rail-weighbridge

Taximeters (Annex IX MI-007)

EU type-examination

Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process

Conformity to type based on instrument verification

Annex II - Module B

Annex II - Module D

Annex II - Module F

Material Measures (Annex X MI-008)

- Material measure of length

Conformity based on unit verificationAnnex II - Module G

Material Measures (Annex X MI-008)

- Capacity serving measures

EU type-examination

Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process

Conformity based on instrument verification

 

Annex II - Module B

Annex II - Module D

Annex II - Module F1

Dimensional Measuring Instruments (Annex XI MI-009)

- Length measuring instruments

- for mechanical or electromechanical instruments

Conformity based on instrument verification

Conformity based on unit verification

Annex II - Module F1

Annex II - Module G

Exhaust Gas Analysers (Annex XII MI-010)Conformity to type based on instrument verificationAnnex II - Module F

Updated in February 2018