Country Information Portugal
Portugal is a Republic headed by an elected President and has a population of 10,6 million. Legislation is enacted by a Parliament (Assembleia da República) which is headed by a President appointed by the Assembly of the Portuguese Republic.
In Portugal, the Local administration is carried out by several regions (Unidades Territoriais para fins estatísticos) which includes the Islands of Madeira and Azores. There are also 308 Municipalities (Municípios) and 3091 Parishes (Freguesias).
Portugal covers a land area of 88,880 km2 and is one of the oldest countries in Europe. The Republic was established in 1910 and modified by the new constitution in 1976.
The Instituto Português da Qualidade, I. P. (IPQ, (Portuguese Institute for Quality), created in 1986, is a public institute, under the Ministry of Economy, with legal personality, financial and administrative autonomy, according to its organic law approved by the Decree-Law n.º 71/2012, of March 21, with the changes introduced by the Decree-Law n.º 80/2014, of May 15. IPQ's mission is to ensure the coordination of the Portuguese Quality System (SPQ) and other regulatory conformity assessment systems conferred by law, and to promote and coordinate the activities which seek to contribute to demonstrate the credibility of the action of economic agents, as well as the development of the activities inherent in its duties as the National Institution of Metrology.
The Metrology Department of IPQ includes the National Metrology Laboratory Unit and the Legal Metrology Unit. The Legal Metrology has the competence to ensure the coordination of metrological control, carrying out the qualification and the coordination of metrological verification entities. It has also the competence to perform type approvals of measuring instruments (MI), develop metrological legislation for the different areas of the economic activity and monitoring the European Union directives, namely in the fields of Trade, Fiscal Operations, Safety, Environment and Health Protection.
The metrological control of measuring instruments is the main objective to assure the accuracy of measurement results inside the legal regulation limits.
Portugal has a long history of legal metrology; the first general law creating a uniform system of standards was introduced in 1253. In 1499 local authorities were issued with copies of the national volume and weight standards in order to check grain, olive oil and wine. The metrology system was reformed to a decimal system in the 19th century.
The Legal Metrology plays an essential role in economy and welfare of the population, contributing for the accuracy, the credibility and the transparency of measurements, being a key element in the economic and social development as part of the Portuguese Quality System under the auspices of IPQ.
In Portugal, there are actually 28 different categories of measuring instruments subject to metrological control. In addition to these MI, the pre-packages and bottles-measures are also under the metrological control, according to the following distribution:
- Road and rail transport tankers
- Fuel dispensers and meters of liquids different from water
- Cold Water meters
- Hot water meters
- Electricity meters
- Gas meters
- Time counters
- Length MI
- Manual and automatic level indicators
- Non-automatic weighing instruments
- Length material measures
- Park meters
- Surface meters
- Drink flasks
- Automatic weighing instruments
- Continuous weighing systems
- Fixed Storage Tanks
- Breath Analysers
- Speed Meters
- Tire pressure meters (without fixed value)
- Tire pressure meters (with fixed value)
- Pressure and vacuum meters
- Mechanical testing machines
- Exhaust Gas Analysers
- Sound Lever Meters
- Ionising Radiation Meters
- Measuring Instruments for Temperature recording of deep frozen foods
All the instruments are generally subject to type approval, initial verification and mandatory periodic verification.
A mandatory periodic reverification system is applied in Portugal, carried out by the Metrological Verification Bodies and 89 local authorities. Accredited repairers are also permitted to verify repaired instruments.
The monitoring of all these entities qualified and recognized by IPQ is carried out through annual audits.
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LAST UPDATE: APRIL 2019