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Montenegro

Montenegro is located in the South-East Europe covering an area of 13.812 square kilometers. Podgorica is the capital, a political, commercial and cultural center. Old Royal Capital town is Cetinje. Montenegro has a population of nearly 630000.

According to the Constitution of Montenegro (“Official Gazette of MNE”, No. 01/07) Montenegro is a civic state of the republican form of government, a social and ecological state. Montenegro is a country of parliamentary democracy, a state of balanced parliamentarism and the division of power into the legislative, executive and judicial.

The President of Montenegro is elected by a direct and general election. The legislative power rests with National Assembly. The government is the highest executive body and is answerable to the National Assembly.

Organisational Structure and Background

The Government of the Republic of Montenegro founded the Bureau of Metrology on September 14, 2006. The Bureau is composed of the following 4 units: Department for Metrological Traceability and National Standards, Department for Verification of Measuring Instruments, Section for Precious Metals and Service for General Affairs, Finance and Information System. The Bureau performs activities in the field of legal, scientific and industrial metrology, and performs the duties of the National Metrology Institute (NMI) in Montenegro.

The Bureau of Metrology performs activities related to: ensuring application of the system of legal units of measurement; realization, keeping, maintaining and improving the measurement standards of Montenegro; ensuring metrological traceability for calibration laboratories, as well as for testing and control laboratories; organization of calibration activities; assessment of conformity of measuring instruments with metrological requirements; provision of expert opinion concerning authorization of laboratories for verification of measuring instruments; representation of Montenegro in international and regional metrological organizations and establishment of cooperation in the field of metrology; control of precious metal articles, as well as other affairs falling within its competence.

Accreditation Body of Montenegro and Croatian Accreditation Agency have confirmed that the Bureau of Metrology fulfills the requirements of MEST EN ISO/IEC 17025:2011 – General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories and that it is competent to carry out calibration of: weights, weights with free nominal masses and non-automatic weighing instruments, temperature and relative humidity gauges, standards and instruments for measurement of length, standards and instruments for measurement of electrical quantities, frequency and time interval, pressure gauges, laboratory glassware and piston-operated volumetric apparatus, etalons of overflow pipettes and standard capacity measures. The confirmed competence enables the Bureau to provide its services with regard to calibration of measuring instruments/ measurement standards to non-Montenegrin clients as well. 

In July 2016, the Bureau of Metrology obtained license for performing scientific-research activities in the field of technical-technological and interdisciplinary sciences.

The Bureau of Metrology represents Montenegro in international and regional metrology organizations. Montenegro became an associate member of the CGPM - General Conference on Weights and Measures on 1 August 2011. This membership was a prelude to the signing of the CIPM MRA (CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement) on 19 October 2011.

The Bureau of Metrology has been a full member of the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET) since 2011. The Bureau has participated in EURAMET's Technical Committees in the field of Electricity, Interdisciplinary Metrology, Flow, Mass and Related Quantities, Quality, Thermometry, Length and Time and Frequency.

The Bureau of Metrology has been a corresponding member of International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) since November 2007. In order for it to further improve its activities in the field of control of precious metal articles, the Bureau of Metrology became a member of the International Association of Assay Offices (IAAO) in October 2012.

Based on the invitation extended to the Bureau of Metrology by the BIPM to accede to the Metre Convention, the Bureau has prepared expert grounds for the Proposal for the Law on Ratification of the Metre Convention, adopted towards the end of 2017. It is expected that the accession process will be finalized in 2018, which will enable Montenegro to become a full member of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM).

According to the Law on Metrology (Official Gazette of Montenegro 79/08), the Bureau is the main subject of metrology infrastructure in Montenegro responsible for verification of legal metrology instruments. Legal measuring instruments which are subject to mandatory verification or type approval are classified into four categories as follows:

  • Measuring instruments used in trade of goods and services and control of pre-packaged products and measuring container bottles;
  • Measuring instruments used in protection of human and animal health and general safety;
  • Measuring instruments used in protection of assets, environment and natural resources, occupational safety and accident prevention;
  • Measuring instruments used in traffic safety.

Equipment Subject to National Controls

1 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS USED IN TRADE OF GOODS AND SERVICES AND CONTROL OF PRE-PACKAGED PRODUCTS AND MEASURING CONTAINER BOTTLES

1. 1 Length measuring instruments
1.1.1 Material measures of length for general use
1.1.2 Automatic level gauges for measuring the level of liquid in fixed storage tanks
1.1.3 Instruments used to determine the length of a wire and cable 
1.2 Volume measuring instruments
1.2.1 Instruments for measuring the volume of liquids
1.2.2 Road and rail tankers, if the calculation is done by measuring the tank volume
1.2.3 Tanks, if the calculation is done by measuring the tank volume
1.2.4 Milk meters
1.2.5 Capacity serving measures
1.3 Heat meters
1.4 Electricity meters
1.4.1 Current transformer
1.4.2 Electrical energy meters for direct connection
1.4.3 Electrical energy meters for indirect or semi-direct connection
1.5 Liquid and gas flowmeters
1.5.1 Water meters
1.5.2 Flowmeters and measuring systems for liquids other than water
1.5.3 Gas meters
1.5.4 Gas volume correctors
1.6 Mass measuring instruments
1.6.1 Weights of classes F1, F2, M1, M2
1.6.2 Non-automatic weighing instruments of classes I, II, III and IV

  • up to 9000 kg
  • over 9000 kg

1.6.3 Automatic weighing instruments and semi-automatic weighing instruments
1.6.4 Transducers for weighing instruments
1.6.5 Electronic indicators for weighing instruments
1.7 Concentration and density measuring devices
1.7.1 Moisture Meters for Cereal Grain and Oilseeds
1.7.2 Electronic density meters
1.7.3 Breath analyzers
1.7.4 Saccharimeters
1.7.5 Areometers
1.8 Measuring instruments in charging system
1.8.1 Main clocks in telephone traffic charging
1.9 Taximeters

2 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS USED IN PROTECTION OF HUMAN AND ANIMAL HEALTH AND GENERAL SAFETY

2.1 Height measuring instruments
2.2 Mass measuring instruments

  • weighing scales, including baby scales

2.3 Blood pressure gauges
2.4 Devices for measuring ionizing radiation in radiotherapy
2.5 Refractometers

3 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS USED IN PROTECTION OF ASSETS, ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION

3.1 Measuring instruments used for radiation protection
3.1.1 Scintillation counters (liquid and solid)
3.1.2 Semiconductor counters
3.1.3 Proportional counters
3.1.4 Geiger-Müller counters
3.1.5 Instruments for measuring radon concentration in air
3.2 Sound measuring instruments
3.3 Measuring instruments for testing safety measures in electrical engineering
3.4 Instruments for measuring concentration
3.4.1 Breath analyzers
3.5 Pressure gauges
3.5.1 Manometers, vacuum meters and manovacuometer of accuracy classes 0,5; 0,6; 1; 1,6; 2; 2,5; 4; 5
3.6 Internal combustion engine exhaust gas analyzers

4 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS USED IN TRAFFIC SAFETY

4.1 Speed measuring instruments for moving vehicles
4.2 Breath analyzers
4.3 Manometers for measuring tyre pressure
4.4 Instruments for measuring the brake force of vehicles
4.5 Instruments for measuring the maximum permitted axle load

Type Approval

Type approval responsibility rests with the Bureau of Metrology for all measuring instruments. Fees and costs for issuing a type approval certificate or for performing a type examination are defined by government decree.

Initial Verification

Initial verification of measuring instruments is performed by the Department for Verification of Measuring Instruments. Initial verification procedure is specified by regulation. The verification fees are set by decree.

Inspection and Reverification

Reverification periods for measuring instruments are defined by decree.
Typical reverification intervals are:

Weighing instruments 1 - 2 years
Water meters 5 years
Petrol pumps 1 years
Electricity meters 12 years

The fees for reverification are the same as for initial verification.

Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope

The Bureau of Metrology at present has 40 employees. The employees engaged in type approvals and verification procedures are engineers. They are mainly trained on the job.

Sanctions

Sanctions are based upon a system of administrative penalties. A preventive enforcement policy is applied resulting in penalties normally only applied in cases where fraud is evident. Fines will be imposed as follows: 

  • from 3000 to 20000 euros for legal persons; 
  • from 500 to 2000 euros for a responsible person in the legal entity; 
  • from 3000 to 12000 for entrepreneurs;
  • from 300 to 2000 for natural persons.


updated February 2018