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Lithuania

The Republic of Lithuania lies in the centre of Europe: the geometrical centre of the continent is in eastern Lithuania, near the village of Bernotai, 26 km north of Vilnius. Lithuania is on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea (the length of the Lithuanian coastline is 99 km). Lithuania's population is 2.9 million (2012), of which 67% is urban, with an average density of 46 people per sq. km. Under Constitution, sovereign state power is vested in the people of Lithuania and is exercised by the President of the Republic, Seimas (Parliament), Government and Courts. Lithuania is divided into 10 districts, which are further subdivided into 60 municipal councils.

Organisation structure and background

The legal base for metrology in Lithuania is the Law on Metrology, adopted on 9 July 1996 (revised in 2006, last amendments in 2014).

State Metrology Service of the Republic of Lithuania (VMT) was reorganised from the 1st of July of 2014 and its functions were distributed to the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate and Centre for Physical Sciences and Technology.

The Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Lithuania establishes and executes metrology policy in Lithuania, co-ordinates traceability of measurements, organises and implements scientific, legal and administrative activities related to metrology.

Ministry of Economy defines the general rules of legal metrology, prepares and adopts regulations, participates in European or international organizations (European Commission, WELMEC, OIML).

The Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate with its ten offices in the districts is a Market surveillance authority. 

Verification of various measuring instruments is performed by 5 state companies - Metrology Centres located in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Panevežys and Šiauliai and by a number of designated private or public or semi-public laboratories.

The functions of National Metrology Institute in Lithuania perform Centre for Physical Sciences and Technology (FTMC). FTMC together with the designated institutes in Lithuania Vilnius Metrology Centre (VMC) and Lithuanian Energy Institute (LEI) are responsible for assurance of traceability in Lithuania and participates in European or international organizations (BIPM, EURAMET and COOMET).

Accreditation of calibration and/or testing laboratories or inspection bodies is by National accreditation body (NAB).

Equipment Subject to National Controls

(List updated in 2006 following the Law of 22 June 2006) if used for purposes listed in article 15 of the Law and in respective lists of groups approved by the Ministry of Economy (last updated in 2014):

  1. Dimensional measuring instruments, including area, and sieves, excluding GPS based
  2. Mass measuring instruments (weighing instruments, weights, capacity measures for grain)
  3. Force measuring instruments (dynamometers)
  4. Pressure measuring instruments (barometers, manometers, differential meters)
  5. Movement meters (taximeters, tachographs, air (gas) speed meters, vehicle speed meters, car break meters)
  6. Gas and liquids meters (flow meters and systems, heat meters, gas meters, gas volume conversion devices, water meters, petrol pumps, other instruments for quantity of liquids, road tankers, material measures, level measuring instruments, liquid gas phase meters, bottle counters, orifice plate meters)
  7. Physical and chemical measuring instruments (capacity measures, hygrometers, viscosity meters, smoke analysers, alcohol in human body measuring instruments, milk properties measuring instruments, exhaust analysers (instruments for measuring vehicle exhaust emissions), oxygen in water measuring instruments, measuring instruments for explosive gas quantity, car windscreen, side and rear window transparency meters)
  8. Temperature measuring instruments
  9. Optical and optical physical measuring instruments (for illumination, flame photometers, colorimeters, fuel calorimeters, polarimeters and spectrophotometers)
  10. Acoustic and vibration (sound meters, vibration meters)
  11. Electrical energy meters, measuring transformers, insulation meters, electrical field strength meters)
  12. Time and frequency (high frequency, stopwatches, time watches in combination with electricity meters and parking meters, telephone call quantity and duration measuring systems)
  13. Radiotechnical measuring instruments (electromagnetic field power measuring instruments, high frequency power and density measuring instruments)
  14. Ionising radiation (dosimeters, X-ray meters, radiometers)
  15. Medical measuring instruments (audiometers, body temperature meters, non-invasive sphygmomanometers, eye tonometers, veloergometers, and medical weighing instruments).

Instruments are generally subject to type approval, initial verification and mandatory re-verification unless otherwise specified.

Type Examination

The Ministry of Economy is responsible for the national type approval.

Lithuanian Energy Institute Laboratory of Heat-Equipment Research and Testing is a notified body (1621) for module B of gas meters and water meters under MID (Annex MI-001 and Annex MI-004).

Initial Verification

National initial verification is performed by designated bodies (see list on www.ukmin.lt/web/lt/paskirtosios_istaigos).

Concerning NAWI directive 3 companies (JSC Vilnius Metrology Centre (1398), JSC Kaunas Metrology Centre (2244) and JSC Vakaru „Imega” (2419)) are notified for EC verification (Annex II.3).

Concerning MID Lithuanian Energy Institute Laboratory of Heat-Equipment Research and Testing is notified body (1621) for module D and F for Heat Meters and Water Meters (Annex MI-001 and Annex MI-004) and for module F for Measuring Instruments for Liquids Other than Water (Annex MI-005).

Information about notified bodies in Lithuania is presented NANDO data base.

The charges for type approval, verification procedures are not regulated by the law.

Reverification (subsequent verification)

Control of instruments in service is generally based on a mandatory periodical verification performed by designated laboratories accredited or evidencing compliance with EN 17025 or EN 17020 and specific metrological requirements.

They are designated by The Ministry of Economy for at least five years. The list of verification bodies per category is available on the website www.ukmin.lt/web/lt/paskirtosios_istaigos 

The intervals of mandatory reverification are specified in legislation.

For example, some verification intervals are:

  • Water meters 6 year
  • Gas meters 12 years
  • Electricity meters 12 years
  • Heat meters 4 years
  • Petrol pumps 1 year
  • Weights 2 year
  • Weighting instruments 2 year
  • Taximeter 1 year
  • Material measures 2 years
  • Dimensional measuring instruments 2 years
  • Exhaust analysers 0,5 year

Market Surveillance

Market surveillance is performed by Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate. (www.metrinsp.lt)

Surveillance of instruments in service

Spot checks are performed by Lithuanian Metrology Inspectorate (LMI). Results are published on LMI’s website.

Legal Metrology Practioners and Scope

Training of legal metrology officers is provided by the Kaunas Technology University Metrology Institute according to the program approved by Kaunas Technology University.

Sanctions

System of administrative fines is available. Criminal offences may be invoked too. Inspectors may issue written warnings. Fines are set by general legislation, not by specific legal metrology laws.

Directive 2009/23/EC (NAWI)

The Directive was implemented by Order of Director of VMT No V-126 dated 17 December 2009.

JSC Vilnius Metrology Centre (1398), JSC Kaunas Metrology Centre (2244) and JSC Vakaru „Imega” (2419) are notified for EC verification (Annex II.3).

The gravity values in Lithuania approved by Director of the VMT Order No. V-127 on 11 October 2012 (comes in to force on 1 May 2013). Information about it is presented on the WELMEC website section “Gravity Information”.

Directive 2004/22/EC (MID)

The directive was implemented by an Order of Director of VMT No V-31 dated 30 March 2006.

The directive is transposed for all categories of measuring instruments and all of them are subject to legal control.

Lithuanian Energy Institute Laboratory of Heat-Equipment Research and Testing is a notified body (1621) for module B of gas meters and water meters under MID (Annex MI-001 and Annex MI-004) for module D and F for Heat Meters and Water Meters (Annex MI-001 and Annex MI-004) and for module F for Measuring Instruments for Liquids Other than Water (Annex MI-005).

Information about Type examination certificates is available on the website www.ukmin.lt/web/lt/verslo_aplinka/metrologija/tipo_tyrimo_sertifikatai 

Updated December 2014