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Montenegro

Montenegro is located in the South-East Europe covering an area of 13.812 square kilometers. Podgorica is the capital, a political, commercial and cultural center. Old Royal Capital town is Cetinje. Montenegro has a population of nearly 630000.

According to the Constitution of Montenegro (“Official Gazette of MNE”, No. 01/07) Montenegro is a civic state of the republican form of government, a social and ecological state. Montenegro is a country of parliamentary democracy, a state of balanced parliamentarism and the division of power into the legislative, executive and judicial.

The President of Montenegro is elected by a direct and general election. The legislative power rests with National Assembly. The government is the highest executive body and is answerable to the National Assembly.

Organisational Structure and Background

The Government of the Republic of Montenegro founded the Bureau of Metrology on September 14, 2006. It is composed of three sectors (Sector for Cooperation with Regional and International Metrology Organizations, Sector for Metrology Control and Sector for Legal Affairs, Inspection Control and Administrative Procedures) and the Office for General Affairs. The Bureau of Metrology performs the duties of the National Metrology Institute (NMI).

According to the Article 7 of the Law on Metrology (“Official Gazette of MNE”, No. 79/08), the Bureau of Metrology shall in particularly:

  • be responsible for the system of legal units of measurement in Montenegro;
  • realise, conserve, maintain and improve national measurement standards;
  • ensure metrology traceability;
  • organize the calibration activity;
  • carry out the assessment of conformity of a measuring instrument with prescribed metrological requirements: type approval and verification of a measuring instrument;
  • examine pre-packaged products;
  • give expert opinion for the authorisation of persons to carry out activities in the field of metrology;
  • represent Montenegro in international and regional metrology organizations and establish cooperation in the field of metrology;
  • perform metrological supervision;
  • collaborate with competent inspection bodies and provide technical assistance in the field of metrology;
  • decide in administrative proceedings in the field of metrology;
  • prepare technical bases for the development of draft legislation in the field of metrology;
  • provide metrological information and publish official journal;
  • perform other activities related to metrology in accordance with the law.

The Bureau of Metrology joined the Associate membership of the EURAMET on July 01, 2007. In the late November 2007, the Bureau of Metrology became a corresponding member of the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML).

According to the Law on Metrology (“Official Gazette of MNE”, No. 79/08), the Bureau is the main subject of metrology infrastructure in Montenegro responsible for verification of legal metrology instruments. However, the Law prescribes that companies and other legal persons satisfying prescribed requirements in the field of metrology may carry out the verification of specified kinds of measuring instruments.

Equipment Subject to National Controls

Measuring instruments – the circulation of goods and services

  • Simple length measures and length measuring instruments
  • Area measuring instruments
  • Liquid volume measures
  • Capacity measures (tanks)
  • Liquid volume metering instruments

    • Gasoline, diesel
    • Liquefied petroleum gas
    • Liquids other than water

  • Flow-through measuring instruments

    • Cold water meters
    • Warm water meters
    • Gas volume meters

  • Electricity meters
  • Measuring transformers
  • Heat meters
  • Weights
  • Non-automatic weighing instruments
  • Automatic weighing instruments
  • Moisture meters for cereal grains and oil seeds
  • Alcoholmeters
  • Density meters
Measuring instruments for health service
  • Weighing instruments
  • Blood pressure measuring instruments
  • Dosimeters
  • Thermometers
  • Electrocardiographs
  • Electroencephalographs
  • Refractometers
Measuring instruments for environmental protection and safety purposes
  • Spectrophotometers in medical labs
  • Radiometers
  • Sound level meters
  • Audiometers
  • Manometers
  • Thermometers
  • Fault loop impendance, earth resistance, continuity of protection conductor, insulation resistance measuring instruments
  • Luxmeters
Measuring instruments for road traffic surveillance
  • Traffic speed measuring instruments
  • Taximeters
  • Exhaust Gas Analysers
  • Tyre pressure gauges
  • Chronotachographs
  • Breath analysers
  • Opacimeters

Measuring instruments included in charging systems

  • time switches (for tariff and load control of the electrical energy)
  • impulse generators and time switches in telecommunication traffic.

Type Approval

Type approval responsibility rests with the Bureau of Metrology for all measuring instruments. Fees and costs for issuing a pattern approval certificate or for performing a pattern evaluation are defined by Government’s Ordinance.

Initial Verification

Initial verification of measuring instruments is performed by the Sector for Metrology Control. Initial verification procedure is specified by regulation. The verification fees are set by ordinance.

Inspection and Reverification

A mandatory reverification system is supplemented by random inspection. The reverification frequencies are set by ordinance.

Typical reverification intervals are:

Weighing instruments 1 - 2 years
Water meters 5 years
Petrol pumps 1 years
Electricity meters 12 years

The fees for reverification are the same as for initial verification.

Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope

The Bureau of Metrology at the present has 31 employees. The engaged staff in type approvals are engineers with a technical background.

Employees in the verification are engineers and technicians. They are mainly trained on the job.

Sanctions

Sanctions are based upon a system of administrative penalties. A preventive enforcement policy is applied resulting in penalties normally only being applied in cases where fraud is evident. A fine ranging from fifty-fold to 300-fold amount of the minimum wage in Montenegro may be imposed.

updated April 2009