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Cyprus

Cyprus is an independent, sovereign republic with a presidential system of government. Under the 1960 Constitution the executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term of office. The legislative power in the Republic is exercised by the House of Representatives. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 6 districts, 33 municipal councils and 486 councils of communities.

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, with an area of 9 251 m 2 and a population of approximately 793 000 (2001 estimate). Population distribution by ethnic group is: 80,7% Greek Cypriots, (including 0,8% Maronites, 0,4% Armenians, 0,1% Latins), 11% Turkish Cypriots and 8,3% foreigners residing in Cyprus.

Organisational Structure and Background

Central Government exercises metrological control through the Weights and Measures Service (WMS), which is part of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism. The main functions of WMS concern the application of SI units, the custody and maintenance of measurement standards, the initial and periodic verification of measuring instruments used in trade transactions and in industrial production and the control of pre-packaged products sold by mass, volume, length, area or number.

A uniform system of weights and measures was first introduced in Cyprus in 1890 and the SI units became the legal units of measurement in 1988. The existing legal basis for the WMS's activities is the Weights and Measures Law of 1974 to 2002 and the various sets of regulations made thereunder.

At present, a major reorganization programme is under way in Cyprus, aiming at modernizing and strengthening WMS's infrastructure, both in terms of technical means and staff.

Equipment Subject to National Controls

  • Simple length measures in trade use
  • Non-liquid volume measures
  • Liquid volume measures
  • Dipsticks
  • Medium and higher accuracy weights
  • Liquid volume metering instruments

    • Petroleum
    • Bulk milk
    • Heating oil

  • Cold water meters
  • Electricity meters
  • Non-automatic weighing instruments

    • Self-indicating
    • Non-self-indicating

  • Automatic weighing instruments

    • Continuous totalizing
    • Gravimetric filling
    • Catch weighers

      • Checkweighers
      • Weight graders

  • Road traffic instruments

    • Taximeters
    • Tyre pressure gauges

  • Measuring instruments for grading cereals
  • Alcoholometers and alcohol hydrometers.

All instruments are generally subject to type approval, initial verification and mandatory periodic verification.

Type Approval

Although type approval is required for all instruments, the WMS, which is responsible for all activities relating to type approvals, cannot carry out the complete set of tests required for each approval, due to lack of adequate facilities.

Initial Verification

At present, initial verification is performed by the WMS. Verification fees are prescribed under the Weights and Measures Regulations of 1981 to 2009, which are approved by the House of Representatives.

Market Surveillance

Market Surveillance is carried out by the WMS concerning the instruments covered by the Directives 90/384/EEC and 2004/22/EC (provisions regarding 7 categories of measuring instruments out of 10 were transposed into National Legislation).

Inspection and Reverification

A mandatory reverification system operates in Cyprus, supplemented by random inspection. These activities are carried out by the WMS. Typical reverification intervals are:

weighing instruments in trade use 2 years
trade weights 2 years
petrol pumps in trade use 1 years

Fees for reverification are the same as those for initial verification.

Repairers cannot reverify instruments after repair.

Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope

WMS employs 6 Officers, 5 Inspectors and 1 Driver/Worker for all the activities of WMS; that is, initial verification, market surveillance, reverification and inspection, as well as control of average quantity of pre-packages. Officers are required to have a university science or engineering degree and the Inspectors a diploma from technical college. Training is vocational. WMS investigates complaints about inaccurate instruments or short measure and provides advice to businesses on legal requirements.

Sanctions

Infringements of the Weights and Measures Law of 1974 to 2002 and the relevant Regulations made thereunder are dealt with by prosecution in a Court of Law or by a written or verbal warning.

Provision for the imposition of administrative fines exists in the National Law "The Essential Requirements to which certain Categories of Products must Conform Law of 2002 to 2009" and the relevant Regulations (concerning NAWI and MI) made thereunder.

Directive 90/384/EEC

The Essential Requirements to which certain Categories of Products must Conform (Non-Automatic Weighing Instruments) Regulations of 2003 (P.I. 360/2003), that are fully harmonized with the Directive, have been issued on May 2nd 2003 and started being implemented since May 1st 2004, when Cyprus became officially a full member of the European Union.

Under the new, harmonized regulations on non-automatic weighing instruments, there are no requirements specifying particular applications for each instrument accuracy class.

Applicable mean gravity value for Cyprus : g = 9,7973 m/s 2 .

Directive 2004/22/EC

The Essential Requirements to which certain Categories of Products must Conform (Measuring Instruments) Regulations of 2006 (P.I. 311/2006), that are fully harmonized with the Directive (provisions regarding 7 categories of measuring instruments out of 10 were transposed into National Legislation), have been issued on July 26th 2006 and started being implemented since October 30th 2006.

All categories of measuring instruments (7 categories of measuring instruments out of 10) are subject to legal metrological control under the Weights and Measures Law of 1974 to 2002 and the relevant Regulations made thereunder.

Directory Contact Point

Mr. Christodoulos Christodoulou
Matrication Officer A
Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism
6, Andreas Araouzos Street
1421 Nicosia
Cyprus
Tel: +357 22 409366
Fax: +357 22 375735
E-mail: chchristodoulou(at)mcit.gov.cy
Website: www.mcit.gov.cy

 

Updated August 2011