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Denmark

Denmark has a population of 5.5 million and is a constitutional monarchy with a single chambered Parliament (the so called “Folketing”). Local government administration is the function of 5 regions which in turn are divided into 98 municipalities.

With a total land area of 43,069 km2 over one-fifth of Denmark's population lives in the greater Copenhagen area. Its historically strong links with both Scandinavia and Western Europe are reflected in the political structure of Denmark. Special status and legislative provisions are accorded to the City and County of Copenhagen and municipality of Frederiksberg.

Organisational Structure and Background

Denmark has had a centralized metrological structure for more than 300 years. In 1983 it began the privatization of its metrological control services. Central responsibility is maintained by Sikkerhedsstyrelsen (The Danish Safety Technology Authority), www.sik.dk, within the Erhvervs- og Vaekstmnisteriet (Ministry of Business and Growth), www.evm.dk.

The Danish Safety Technology Authority is in charge overseeing arrangements for traceability of standards and securing international liaison and of issuing national type approvals, verifications and establishing of systems for in-service control of measuring instruments. The initial and mandatory verification work is devolved to approximately 25 laboratories, appraised and accredited by The Danish Accreditation and Metrology Fund, DANAK, and appointed for this work by The Danish Safety Technology Authority. In addition type approvals are issued under Directive 90/384/EEC, and the Measuring Instrument Directive 2004/22/EC by notified bodies. 

DANAK is also responsible for accreditation of certification bodies and for laboratory accreditation. Danish Fundamental Metrology (DFM), a private non-profit organization, provides with 5 other institutes the primary standards and other high level metrology service to the Danish Safety Technology Authority. DFM performs research, builds up primary standards, and disseminates traceable measurements.

Equipment Subject to National Controls

  • Medium accuracy weights
  • Liquid volume metering instruments

    • Petroleum
    • Liquefied petroleum gas
    • Bulk milk
    • Lubricating oil
    • Heating oil

  • Gas volume meters
  • Non-automatic weighing instruments
  • Automatic weighing instruments

    • Discontinuous totalising
    • Continuous totalising (beltweighers)
    • Gravimetric filling
    • Rail weighbridges
    • Catch weighers
    • Checkweighers
    • Weigh/price labeller and weigh labeller

  • Heat meters and heat allocation meters
  • Cold and warm water meters for consumption
  • Electricity meters
  • Multidimensional measuring instruments
  • Test meters for size of fish nets
  • EC average control of e-marked prepackages

 

Type Approval

National type approval certificates are issued by The Danish Safety Technology Authority. As for measuring instruments under Directive 2004/22/EEC and non-automatic weighing instruments under Directive 90/384/EEC, two accredited private bodies have been appointed for the purpose of type approving instruments those being FORCE Technology and Dansk Elektronik, Lys og Akustik (DELTA). Use is made of accredited sub-contractor testing facilities where the type approval bodies cannot perform the full range of tests themselves.

Fees for type approvals are based on a full cost recovery principle, as required by Danish executive order. The bodies retain all fees charged by them.

Initial Verification

The initial verification function is performed by some 25 private and accredited laboratories, each being concerned with specific types of instruments. Accreditation by DANAK is based on ISO 17025. Some of the laboratories are owned by manufacturers. Auditing teams are being required to involve legal metrology expertise.

Fees for initial verification are required by executive order to be based on full cost recovery.

Inspection and Reverification

A statutory system of periodical reverification operates for direct sales trading transactions. It is directed by regulation how the system will function and the reverification periods applicable to each type of instrument are:

Liquid Volume (or mass) metering instruments

2 years

Weighing Instruments

4 years

Trade Weights

4 years

Multidimensional measuring instruments

4 years

 

As regards utility meters a statistical control system has to run in order to assure that the meters continue to perform within MPEs. The testing of the sampled meters is carried out by accredited laboratories.

Reverification labels are attached by the laboratory inspectors. The labels indicate when the next reverification is due. The user is obliged to secure that reverification has been done before that date.

The Danish Safety Technology Authority operates risk based market surveillance. Inspection is basically visual and limited to ensure that instruments bear the prescribed seals and marks and that weighing instruments are zeroed and adjusted to correct gravity.

Latest figures show that some 8000 non-automatic and automatic weighing instruments are annually reverified, and almost 10,000 measuring systems for liquids other than water plus 100,000 heat meters. Errors are based on mpe x 1 for reverification and mpe x 2 for random inspection purposes. A fee is charged for reverification based on that for initial verification. 

Legal Metrology Practitioners and Scope

Staffs generally operate under the control of the laboratories under the contracting out approach. Competence is adjudged against the ability of a laboratory to satisfy the criteria of ISO 17025. There is no government led qualifications or formal training programme in legal metrology or quality assurance. DANAK examines the competence of technicians employed by laboratories prior to allowing them to apply the verification label and collect a fee. This is done as part of the laboratory accreditation process.
EC average quality controls on e-marked prepackages are enforced by accredited, authorized private laboratories.

Sanctions

No system of administrative fines operates in Denmark and any prosecutions would be taken to court by the police. Such prosecutions are very rare, numbering less than ten a year, and generally relates to situations where equipment is used fraudulently or traders have refused to have their instruments verified. The system generally works on the basis of written warnings to the owner of the instrument, and a return visit on the premises if the owner does not react to the warnings. If the instrument has not been corrected, the inspector will report the details to the Danish Safety Technology Authority, who may submit the case to the police for possible prosecution.

Directive 2009/23/EF (90/384/EEC)

Directive 2009/23/EF was implemented in Denmark by executive order No. 1143 of 15 December 2003. No gravity zones are identified for the purposes of this Directive. Inscriptions required are:

Denmark

981584 milligal

Faroe Islands

982077 milligal

Greenland south of 680

982111 milligal

Greenland between 680 and 760

982587 milligal

Greenland north of 760

983036 milligal

According to the Danish executive order, it is not legal to use a weighing instrument outside its marked weighing range.

Accuracy classes are specified for particular applications and details are published by the Danish Safety Technology Authority:

Precious metals and stones

Class II or better

Waste, sand, gravel, concrete etc. and transport charges (except post)

Class IIII or better

All others

Class III or better

Directive 2004/22/EC

Directive 2004/22/EC was implemented in Denmark by Executive order No. 436 of 16 May 2006. Mandatory for Denmark are:

  • Water Meters
  • Gas Meters
  • Electricity Meters
  • Heat Meters
  • Measuring Systems for Liquids other than Water
  • Automatic Weighing Instruments
  • Multidimensional Measuring Instruments
  • Taximeters

Special requirements for use of specific accuracy classes for different applications do exist.

Updated July 2014